Mahatma Gandhi was the father of the nation. He was affectionately called ‘Bapu’. He was born on 2nd October 1869 at Porbandar. He was a patriot through and through. He fought against the Britishers and won freedom for India. He had a charismatic personality. People from all walks of life were drawn towards him.
Mahatma Gandhi passed his matric in 1887. He went to England to study law. He went to South Africa to fight a case. He was shocked to find the miserable condition of the Indians there. His concern for the poor and depressed people prompted him to fight for their cause. He adopted non-violent methods and became popular with the masses. He returned to India in 1913. He joined the Indian National Congress and plunged into politics.
Gandhiji started a non-violent struggle against the foreign rulers. He gave a new direction to the freedom movement. He launched a number of agitations and went to jail many times. He looked into the problems of farmers, workers and the untouchable. He called the untouchables ‘Harijans.’ He removed from their hearts fear of the landlord, police and the money- lender.
Gandhiji was a firm believer of Hindu religion. He considered “Ram-Nam’ the remedy of all ills. He followed the karma theory as given in the Gita. He introduced the concept of basic education. He popularised the ‘Charkha’ to bring about revolution in the minds of the people. Gandhiji proved that non-violence is not the weapon of the weak but of the strong. The mighty Britishers had to yield to him. The Britishers had to finally quit India in 1947. Gandhiji was part to see the partition of the country. He fell to the bullets of Nathu Ram Godse on 30th January 1948. His name will remain immortal in History.