Jawahar Lal Nehru
Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of free India. He worked shoulder to shoulder with Mahatma Gandhi for the freedom of country. He was the leader of masses. He was the architect of modern India. He started five-year plans to make India strong and self sufficient. His love for children made him very popular. Children called him ‘Chacha Nehru’. His birthday is celebrated as ‘Bal Divas’.
Jawahar Lal Nehru was born on 14th November 1889 at Allahabad. His father’s name was Moti Lal Nehru. He was a famous barrister Jawahar had his early education at home. He was sent to England for high school studies. He took up education in law and returned to India He was deeply influenced by Mahatma Gandhi. He took active part in the freedom movement. He also followed the path of peace and nonviolence. He was sent to jail many times. He was elected President of the Congress Party in 1929. He renewed the pledge of country’s independence.
When India became free on August 1947, Pt. Nehru became the Prime Minister of India. His global vision and vibrant leadership brought peace and prosperity to the country. He believed in maintaining friendly relations with the neighbouring countries. He signed the Panchsheel Agreement with China, India got due recognitions in the international field under his leadership. He wanted to create an atmosphere of peace and brotherhood. However in 1962 he had to face the hostility of China.
After serving the nation with devotion and dedication, he died in May 1964. He left behind him a rich heritage. He started the process of social justice and economic growth. He created a network of medical and technical institutions. He built industrial, agricultural and power projects. His contribution to the upliftment of poor and down-trodden section of the society is superb. He made a mark in every field of activity.