How Was Shorthand Developed?
Noting down messages, letters, lectures etc. requires very fast speed of writing. The usual script or the long hand is not suitable for this. To overcome this difficulty shorthand is commonly used everywhere. Shorthand is a system of writing rapidly by using symbols, abbreviations or other shortcut ways to represent letters, words or phrases. Shorthand is also known by other names stenography, tachygraphy and brachygraphic.
The origin of shorthand can be traced back to ancient greek and Roman era. The greek historian Xenophon used a special system to write down socrotes’ memories. In Rome, Marcus Tullins Tiro used a shorthand system “notae” to record speeched of important people.
However, the shorthand that is used commonly today was developed in the 17th century in England. In 1588 Dr. Timothy Bright I published his “characterie: an Arte of shorte, swifte, and secrete I writing by character.” Within the next 50 years, thirteen systems I were published by different people. The contribution of John wills is also considered very important in modern shorthand.
Sir Isaac Pitman developed a system in 1837 which marked a new era in the development of phonetic systems John Gregg produced another system in 1888 which was based on circles, hooks and loops. In 1893 this was introduced in America also. The speedhand system C.T. Rutherford is more recent and can be used either by hand or on the typewriter and is easier and quicker to learn.
The use of machines for shorthand was invented during the late 19th century. The Stenotype and Stenograph shorthand machines are examples of these.