What is “Esperanto”?, English General Knowledge Essay, Paragraph and Speech for class 8, 9, 10 and 12 Class, Competitive Exam.

What is Esperanto?

Long back, people have been making all out efforts to devise a system of common means of communication by way of universal language that would serve the purpose to understand the language across the world.

Right from seventeenth century, more than seven hundred languages are being used all over the world. There are two types of such languages-one “a priori” and another “Posteriori”. The former language has no connection with any existing language. The latter is a mixture of existing languages. Esperanto is the most popular language of all.

Ludwik Zamenh of, who lived in the town of Bialystok, Poland, was the first person who focused his attention on Esperanto. When he was young, he noticed that there was a lot of enmity amongst the four groups of people who lives there, namely, Russians, Poles, Germans and Jews. He realized that a common language would help these people get along better. When he was a student, he had already explored the possibility and feasibility of international language across the world.

He published a brochure in 1887 explaining the detailed picture of his language and he used the pen name of Dr. Esperanto. Very soon people from different parts of the world got convinced by such language called “Esperanto”.

Still today, more than eighty lacs people have adopted this language world-wide. Above all, even governments and international organisations recognize it in different ways e.g. an international telegram can be sent by you in Esperanto. More so, this language is being used on radio, T.V. sets and other mass media of communications which is being released from official’s government stations.

Many rules of grammar are also applicable to this language viz. The definite article is “la” and does not change. All nouns end in “0”, all adjectives in “a”, all adverbs in “e”, and all infinitives in “i”. The plural of nouns and adjectives is formed by adding “j”.

The starting of the Lord’s Prayer in Esperanto is like this: “Patronia, kiu estas en la cielo, sukta estu via nomo ; venu regeco via ; esto volo via, keil en la cielo, tiel ankau sur la tero”.

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