What is Fascism?
Fascism is nothing but the name of a political movement led by Benito Mussolini of Italy. In 1922, under the harsh leadership of Mussolini, the Italian Fascists threw away the Government in power at gun-point and established one-party and one-man show i.e. dictator-ship and ruled over Italy continuously for many years till 1943.
Besides other countries, Hitler of German got influenced by this movement and fell on the lines of Mussolini’s ideology. The word “Fascist” is used to depict these movements in general.
Believers of fascism are deadly against democracy. They are of the considered opinion that ordinary citizen should not be allowed to participate in forming the government. Fascism is based on the sound principle of ‘Might is Right’. No other political party could emerge other than the fascist party.
In the eyes of fascists there was no room for complacency as regards justice or rights of ordinary citizen. Obviously, there were police and courts of law, but their powers were suppressed and influenced by the dictator and hence they were not in a position to protect or safeguard the interests of the people.
There is no word as ‘freedom’ in the dictionary of fascists. People had to act upon strictly in accordance with the wishes and desires of the dictator. In schools, students were taught to obey and not to raise queries at all.
The system of mass media such as newspapers, television, radio was completely under the control of the ruling fascist party. Besides this, the book writers were also influenced by the ruling party. They forced the editors and writers to publish such articles which were in favour of the party. Nobody could dare to write or say anything which was not liked by the fascists. Nobody could express his grievances. There was no place of peace in the eyes of fascists. They wanted the country to be more stronger and vigilant and remain united in order to get themselves prepared for war at any time. They expressed their views that a country was only great if it was well prepared to face internal and external aggressions.
When Germany and Italy were defeated in World War II, the idea of fascism as a political philosophy and form of government was absolutely disregarded and condemned altogether.