Where Does Gum Come From?
The sticky substance we call gum, is used to stick papers together, it has many more uses than you had ever imagined.
Almost all different kinds of gums are made from plants. These are dispersible in cold or hot water to produce viscous mixtures. The adhesiveness, viscosity and gel – forming tendency of different kinds of gums depends on the kind of plant material used for them as well as the quality of the solvent (liquid) used for dissolving them. Chemically, gum is made of an acid nucleus combined with sugar molecules.
Gums are used in many food items. The chewing gum all children love contains gum. Gums are also used in making candy and medicines. They are used as stabilizers and thickeners in many food items.
Gums are used in making ink, cloth, paper, paints, cosmetics, etc. Manufacturers of straw items, such as straw hots, straw baskets, use a special kind of gum to stiffen the straw.
The trees which give us some of the most useful gums are found in hot, semi-arid regions on earth. Many countries in Asia, Africa, South America produce good quality gums.