Who was Sir Walter Raleigh?
There is hardly any person who has not heard the name of Sir Walter Raleigh but many of us have a great deal of anxiety to know about his personality cults. Contemporary to the regine of Elizabeth I, nobody was so much talented and genious as Raleigh. He was born in 1554 in Devonshire, U.K. He was a man consisting of multiple qualities and was a man of Calibre in the sense he was a soldier, historian, scientist, poet, colonizer, sailor, courtier.
When he was young, he took part in wars in France and Ireland. He was liked and praised the most by Queen Elizabeth I, the then Queen of U.K. and in turn he was kept as a knight. He was also offered deserved posts during the tenor of government service.
As a reward he got money from the Queen and he wanted to get it utilized in an interesting thing. He used it to start settlement in U.S.A. He sent out the first colony in 1585, a group consisting of not less than hundred men who spent a year at Roanoke Island off the coast of North Carolina. This was, perhaps, the first English colony to experience life in the New world. All other colonies flowed from this first attempt.
Whatever knowledge we gained relating to Indians and of the geography of America and its plant and animal life, all the credit goes to Raleigh. Sometime in 1587 he sent out a second colony, but unfortunately, all the colonists were lost in the forests.
Raleigh was well conversant with great poets and writers of his time and above all he himself was one of the leading poets of his age. He made his voyage to Guiana in South America with the hope that gold will be available there in large quantity.
The King James I leveled many charges of conspiracy against him and ordered that he should be sentenced to death. Fortunately, the sentence was suspended and he spent the rest of his life in the Tower of London.
During his stay in the Tower of London he wrote a great book titled, “History of the World” and simultaneously he made several experiments in the field of chemistry. He was allowed out of prison in 1616 and sailed again to Guiana. Instead of finding gold he had to face some clashes with the Spaniards as a result of which he was executed in 1618.
He was the first man who made smoking tobacco popular in Europe and introduced in Ireland the potato from the New World.