Why are vitamins vital to us?
Vitamins are organic compounds present in our usual diet, and are essential for a healthy and normal functioning of our bodies. Vitamins are present in very minute quantities in the food but this small amount is sufficient for the body’s requirements.
Vitamins are vital because their absence Can cause diseases and make our bodies weak and incapable of fighting against infections.
Synthetic and natural vitamins usually have same effect. Although there are long and complicated names for different vitamins, we know them by their familiar names represented by simple letters, A, B, C, D, E and so on. All vitamins can be divided into two groups – water soluble group and fat soluble group.
Fat-soluble vitamins like A, D, E, K can be stored by the body but water soluble vitamins like C and various vitamins of the B group cannot be stored by the body and hence must be taken more regularly.
Vitamin A helps produce beautiful skin, bright eyes, and resistance to infections and diseases, and can be obtained by eating yellow and green leafy vegetables, fruits, eggs, liver and butter. Vitamin C helps in building resistance to allergies and infections and is essential for tissues, bones and teeth. This is found in citrus fruits, raw cabbage & tomatoes. Vitamin D is important for the healthy growth of the body and can he obtained from fish liver oils. Vitamins of the B group consist of about eighteen members. These are important in preventing fatigue, keeping the nerves relaxed, skin, eyes and blood in good health. Unrefined flour, cereals, beans, molasses, yeast, eggs, green vegetables are some of the sources of these vitamins.